The November 14th is celebrated all over the world World diabetes day. Established in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organization, the day is organized to raise awareness and inform the public about diabetes, its prevention and management.
One of the first questions that a woman with diabetes asks herself is: will I ever be able to have children? There correlation between disease and infertility exists, but steps can be taken to minimize its potential consequences. The women suffering from diabetes mostly have problems related to ovulatory dysfunctions. Insulin insufficiency and increased blood sugar can alter the normal functioning of the reproductive system. However, women with diabetes, adequately controlled and treated, have practically normal fertility and can carry a pregnancy to term without any complications.
The more complex is the matter ofdiabetic man: this metabolic disease in fact, can have a negative impact on sperm maturation, development and functionconsequently affecting the chances of getting pregnant. In practice, sperm tends to age prematurely. In addition to the direct impact on sperm, poorly controlled diabetes can underlie problems related to sexual function and, therefore, fertility, such as erectile dysfunction, ejaculation disorders or hypogonadism. A healthy lifestyle is essential to keep diabetes at bay, as well as follow the appropriate therapies. These lifestyle changes can have a positive impact on male fertility.